Igor's Blog

CloudFlare is a fantastic service and as I was moving one of my sites to use CloudFlare this weekend I wanted to know for sure if it was being served via the CloudFlare network or still from my web server. With a little bit of curl and looking at some HTTP headers this is very easy thing to check.

The following command will display all header information for a request to the site:
curl -sI https://yourwebsite.domain

The output looks similar to this when your site is not on CloudFlare, of course this will vary from server to server, the main point is there aren't any CloudFlare specific headers present:
 HTTP headers without CloudFlare
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Mon, 17 Apr 2017 07:03:58 GMT
Expires: Mon, 17 Apr 2017 07:13:58 GMT
Cache-Control: public, max-age=600
ETag: "OVVDww"
X-Cloud-Trace-Context: 4bc589fab4a319f41fb7aa2eeb7fcf81
Content-Type: text/html
Server: Google Frontend
Content-Length: 8714

Now once the site (or rather the DNS) switches over to CloudFlare the headers change to something like this...
 HTTP headers with CloudFlare
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Mon, 17 Apr 2017 07:04:14 GMT
Content-Type: text/html
Connection: keep-alive
Set-Cookie: __cfduid=d4161c4f0a3ddd95b561a8921dccecebf1492412654; expires=Tue, 17-Apr-18 07:04:14 GMT; path=/; domain=.yourwebsite.domain; HttpOnly
Expires: Mon, 17 Apr 2017 07:14:14 GMT
Cache-Control: public, max-age=600
X-Cloud-Trace-Context: d1a32aaff5d361cdfec9fd1e9cacaf57
Server: cloudflare-nginx
CF-RAY: 350d87709c3632a1-HKG

Specifically these are the new headers specific to CloudFlare...
 HTTP headers with CloudFlare
Set-Cookie: __cfduid=d4161c4f0a3ddd95b561a8921dccecebf1492412654; expires=Tue, 17-Apr-18 07:04:14 GMT; path=/; domain=.yourwebsite.domain; HttpOnly
Server: cloudflare-nginx
CF-RAY: 350d87709c3632a1-HKG

Out of all those new headers we only really care about the value for the Server header, so the following command is what we're really after:
curl -sI https://yourwebsite.domain | grep Server

Running that produces the following output and you can clearly see that the CloudFlare nginx server is being used to deliver your site's content.
 HTTP headers with CloudFlare
Server: cloudflare-nginx


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About — I'm an enthusiastic software engineer and consultant interested in many fields including J2EE, programming, electronics, 3D printing, video games, wood working and gardening.
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The views expressed in this blog are my own and not those of my employer.
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